On the Mass

THE MASSE IS IDOLATRIE. All wirschipping, honoring, or service inventit by the braine of man in the religioun of God, without his own express commandment, is Idolatrie: the Masse is inventit be the braine of man, without any commandement of God: Thairfoir it is Idolatrie.

John Knox


On not needing exhaustive knowledge

...there are objections and conundrums in every science. Those who do not want to start in faith will never arrive at knowledge. Epistemology, the theory of knowledge, is the first principle of philosophy, but it is riddled with mystery from start to finish. Those who do not want to embark on scientific investigation until they see the road by which we arrive at knowledge fully cleared will never start. Those who do not want to eat before they understand the entire process by which food arrives at their table will starve to death. And those who do not want to believe the Word of God before they see all problems resolved will die of spiritual starvation.


Herman Bavinck, Reformed Dogmatics: Prolegomena, Volume 1, 442.

On Lutheran Christology

Nor was Eutyches ever charged with believing that the flesh of Christ was made divine by itself and from itself; yea, not even that can be thought by those who are endowed with reason.


Francis Turretin, Inst. XIII.VIII.XIII

Calvin on Seeking Free Will

But those who, while they profess to be the disciples of Christ, still seek for free-will in man, notwithstanding of his being lost and drowned in spiritual destruction, labour under manifold delusion, making a heterogeneous mixture of inspired doctrine and philosophical opinions, and so erring as to both.


Calvin, 1559 Institutes, 1.15.8; "State of Man"

Fictitious Worship

Those, therefore, who set up a fictitious worship, merely worship and adore their own delirious fancies; indeed, they would never dare so to trifle with God, had they not previously fashioned him after their own childish conceits.


Calvin, J. (1997). Institutes of the Christian religion. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

God Ad Extra and Covenantal Condescension

This does not mean, however, that for Junius the identity of archetypal theology with the divine essence of God renders Him incapable of communicating to the created order. God Himself bridges the gap by graciously revealing ectypal theology to His creatures by an act of His free and contingent will ad extra. At the same time, the distinction between archetypal and ectypal theology underscores the fact that human beings do not have direct access to the knowledge of God. Thus, humans are dependent on God’s external self-disclosure. In other words, there is no way of access from man to God, but only from God to man.


...the overarching paradigm for understanding the principles and task of theology was the archetypal/ectypal distinction, and the parallel distinction between the essential or ad intra dimension and the contingent or ad extra dimension of divine agency.


What Is Eschatology?

Eschatology is “the doctrine of the last things.” It deals with the teaching or belief, that the world-movement, religiously considered, tends towards a definite final goal, beyond which a new order of affairs will be established, frequently with the further implication, that this new order of affairs will not be subject to any further change, but will partake of the static character of the eternal.


Calvin on Hosea 1:7, on insane Papists with a false god

When once they are persuaded that they worship God, they are seized by some fascination of Satan, so as to become delighted with all their own dotages, as we see to be the case at this day with the Papists, who are not only insane, but doubly frantic. If any one reproves them and says, that they worship not the true God, they are instantly on fire—“What! does not God accept our worship?”


John Calvin Commentary on Hosea 1:7

Grounding in Christological Revelation

I have sought to ground our discussion, first, in that quintessential revelation of God in Christ, as that revelation informs and exegetes the rest of what Scripture tells us about God, and about “God with us.”


Oliphint, K. Scott (2011-11-02). God with Us: Divine Condescension and the Attributes of God (p. 279). Crossway.

No License

...as with any other systematic theological tenet, it is only as strong and applicable as Scripture allows. It is never a license for pure logical deduction.


Scott Oliphint (2011-11-02). God with Us: Divine Condescension and the Attributes of God (p. 279). Crossway.