On the Theonomic Destruction of the Mission Field

This means that according to theonomic politics God has given the church the mandate to gather the harvest of the mission field but at the same time he has given the state a mandate to destroy the mission field.


Meredith Kline, Comments on an Old-New Error, WTJ 41

Typology and Allegory

there is a clear difference between biblical typology and allegory. The object of allegorical exegesis is not the facts or the literal sense of a narrative. Alongside the evident meaning of the text or occasionally even in disregard of that meaning, allegorical exegesis seeks to give a “deeper sense.” In contrast, typology lets history be history.


Versteeg, J. P. (2012-11-01). Adam in the New Testament: Mere Teaching Model or First Historical Man? (Kindle Locations 408-410). P&R Publishing. Kindle Edition.

Revelation, not Deduction

God’s character and properties—whether essential or covenantal—cannot be driven by pure deduction. They must be understood only in the light of Holy Scripture.


Scott Oliphint (2011-11-02). God with Us: Divine Condescension and the Attributes of God (p. 279). Crossway.

On the 2nd Commandment

…yet there is no doubt but that by synecdoche, as in all the rest of the Law, he condemns all fictitious services which men in their ingenuity have invented. For hence have arisen the carnal mixtures whereby God’s worship has been profaned, that they estimate Him according to their own reason…


Calvin’s Commentary, Exodus 20:4

Woe to you when all men shall applaud you

This warning refers peculiarly to teachers, who have no plague more to be dreaded than ambition: because it is impossible for them not to corrupt the pure doctrine of God, when they “seek to please men,” (Gal. 1:10.)


Calvin. Commentary on Luke 6:26

Reformation of Doctrine

[The Protestant Orthodox] recognized that the claim of Protestantism to represent the church could be maintained only if the witness of the Reformation proved to be the key not only to the reform of a series of ecclesiastical abuses but also to the reformulation of the body of Christian doctrine.


Muller, R. A. (2003). Post-Reformation reformed dogmatics: the rise and development of reformed orthodoxy; volume 1: prolegomena to theology (2nd ed., p. 28). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Ultimate Presupposition

The natural man will invariably employ the tool of his reason to reduce these contents to a naturalistic level. He must do so even in the interest of the principle of contradiction. For his own ultimacy is the most basic presupposition of his entire philosophy. It is upon this presupposition as its fulcrum that he uses the law of contradiction. If he is asked to use his reason as the judge of the credibility of the Christian revelation without at the same time being asked to renounce his view of himself as ultimate, then he is virtually asked to believe and to disbelieve in his own ultimacy at the same time and in the same sense.


Cornelius Van Til, The Defense of the Faith (The Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company: Philadelphia, 1955).

Calvin on Fate

Fate is a term given by the Stoics to their doctrine of necessity, which they had formed out of a multiplex labyrinth of contradictory reasonings; a doctrine calculated to call God Himself to order, and to set Him laws whereby to work. But Predestination I define to be, according to the Holy Scriptures, that free and unfettered counsel of God by which He rules all mankind, and all men and things, and also all parts and particles of the world by His infinite wisdom and incomprehensible justice.


John Calvin and Henry Cole, Calvin’s Calvinism: A Defence of the Secret Providence of God (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2009), 41.

Only less than demigods

So long as we do not look beyond the earth, we are quite pleased with our own righteousness, wisdom, and virtue; we address ourselves in the most flattering terms, and seem only less than demigods.


John Calvin, Inst 1.1.1